Dr. Lan's latest paper was published in Alzheimer's & Dementia. This paper explored the sequential association between CSF GAP-43 and AD-typical neurodegeneration. Elevated CSF GAP43 levels were significantly associated with faster rates of hippocampal atrophy, AD-signature hypometabolism and cortical thinning, and middle temporal gray matter atrophy-related and AD-signature hypometabolism-related cognitive decline. In contrast, baseline levels of all these neurodegeneration biomarkers did not predict longitudinal CSF GAP-43 increases.
These findings suggest that presynaptic loss may occur prior to neurodegeneration, highlighting the importance of lowing tau aggregation and tau-related synaptic dysfunction in elderly adults and AD patients.